Treating periodontal disease cuts heart risk
Researchers aimed to estimate the effect of periodontal therapy on traditional and novel cardiovascular risk factors in systemically healthy individuals who have periodontitis.
A standard course of periodontal therapy (subgingival scaling and root planing) including the adjunctive use of a locally delivered antimicrobial, IPT, resulted in significant reductions in a cluster of inflammatory markers at 1 and 2 months together with an improvement in lipid markers at 2 and 6 months after therapy compared to subgingival scaling and root planing alone.
Intensive periodontal therapy produced greater reductions in IL-6 at 1 and 2 months, together with decreases in C-reactive protein and total cholesterol. Moreover, a 7 +/- 3-mm Hg decrease in systolic BP was observed at 2 months in the IPT group. Intensive periodontal therapy subjects exhibited a 1.53% +/- 1.20% and 2.00% +/- 1.42% decreases in cardiovascular risk scores (Framingham) at 2 and 6 months, respectively, when compared to those in the standard group.
The findings suggest that intensive periodontal treatment reduces systemic inflammatory markers and systolic BP, and improves lipid profiles with subsequent changes in cardiovascular risk when compared to standard therapy.
Twice a year dental visits.....a must.