Hypertension risk factors and relation to CVD
Data from the Strong Heart Study estimating hypertension incidence and hypertension risk factors and their association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) was recently reported.
Risk of developing hypertension:
- prehypertension: 3.2 times the risk
- microalbuminuria: 1.7 times the risk
- diabetes: 1.5 times the risk
- overweight: 1.3 times the risk
- obese: 1.5 times the risk
- consuming alcohol 1.2 times the risk
(microalbuminuria: leakage of small amounts of protein (albumin) into the urine. An early warning of kidney damage)
Risk of developing cardiovascular disease:
- controlled hypertensives: 2.2 times the risk of those with normal blood pressure
- uncontrolled hypertensives: 2.8 times the risk of those with normal blood pressure
- prehypertensives: 1.7 times the risk of those with normal blood pressure
(Prehypertension: A systolic pressure of 120 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure of between 80 and 89 mm Hg.)
So, there are a number of risk factors that lead to the development of high blood pressure and once you develop hypertension or prehypertension, you boost your risk for CVD.